This is not a programming languages problem but rather, which service providers you want. There are backend and frontend services in some of your listings.
For quick deployment, you can take a look at:
You might want to state your requirements clearer (as in what are the pages for)? If it is plain web contents for reading consumption, you can host it on GitLab Pages or Github Pages as @Sibert mentioned:
Do not underestimate a static site generator. It can be hosted on any version control system like Github or GitLab for free. Most recently, I managed to prototype a covid19 tracing front-end application using only static-site generator and Google Forms (http://hounddemo.zoralab.com/).
A bit tough to answer you this question depending on your available resources.
- If you’re a cowboy programmer, Go is much better than C++ (due to the fact you need 1 more person to spot memory problems).
- If you plan to create the web application from scratch, take a look at: https://www.gorillatoolkit.org/
- If you have the resources, get a team and work together.
If you’re doing web development, start with the basic trio:
- HTML + CSS
You can learn these using Hugo and GitLab alone.
Again, what do you want to achieve fast? If speed is an issue, have a CDN provider in front of the site (except when it is an application). That will do.
1 year is insufficient to contribute production-ready over-the-Internet applications. There are too many concepts to master (FYI, just the network security alone is enough to feel the pain). Stick to one language and master it fully.
Since you’re on web applications, few things you might want to look at (tuned to be laser focused):
- Cloud Services
- TCP+UDP+Tunneling Network basics
- Communications protocols (e.g. HTTP, RESTful, etc.)
- SSL (compulsory since http is severely humiliated by modern browsers)
- Database (suggest you pick sqlite3 first, then PostgreSQL, then whatever you want).
- Search Engine Optimization (a must if you’re publishing reading contents publicly).
- Get onto Linux. Most servers are deployed using Linux.
- If you’re rushing, get a seasoned mentor.